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Advantages of Multi-Axis CNC Machining Services

The Advantages of 5-Axis CNC Machining Services

GPR’s Multi-Axis Machining Capabilities Offer Higher Precision and Increased Efficiency

5-axis CNC machines offer a number of benefits in production speed, quality, and complexity when compared to conventional 3-axis machining centers. With the latter, tool paths are restricted within the X, Y, and Z coordinate planes. As the name suggests, 5-axis machining centers add two additional dimensions that the CNC tool moves within.

The additional planes of movement allow for more precise machining operations combined with faster production turnaround times. This advanced manufacturing technology enables CNC machine shops such as GPR Company to tackle even more complex engineering designs while delivering the close-tolerance consistency that your precision products deserve.

What Is 5-Axis CNC Machining? How Do 5th Axis Machines Work?

Conventional 3-axis CNC machines have precise tool motion within the X, Y, and Z coordinate planes. These are the common three-dimensional coordinates that you are familiar with in everyday life – such as when navigating a 3D map or blueprint.

A 5th axis CNC machine takes custom multi-axis machining services to the next level by adding two additional planes of movement. Depending on the design and layout of the machining center, this is generally achieved in two ways:

  • Tilt – Either the machining tool or the workholding platform itself tilts on an incline independently of the tool’s three-axis movements.
  • Rotation – Either the machining tool or the workholding platform rotates around an axis independently of the tool’s three-axis movements.

Streamlined Custom Machining Services – Automated for Efficiency

For many custom-machined complex components and assemblies, multiple setups are required with a 3-axis workstation. This is simply because the tool’s 3 axes of movements are not capable of reaching all required areas of the workpiece. Instead, the tool and/or workpiece must be reoriented multiple times throughout a multi-stage production. 

In contrast, 5-axis CNC machining services allow for a single setup, reducing both labor costs and the potential for manufacturing errors. Due to its two additional planes of movement, the 5-axis tool is able to machine more highly complex geometries from a single setup. This paves the way for extremely efficient automated lights-out manufacturing services.